To See the Intermarium

The Idea of Intermarium

The book "Józef Piłsudski, European Federalist, 1918-1922", published in English by Hoover Institution Press, Stanford University in 1969, is an important work in the field of geopolitics published in exile. The author of this book was my mentor, Marian Kamil Dziewanowski, writer and journalist, participant in the September campaign, officer of the Polish Armed Forces in the West, twice decorated with the Cross of Merit; professor at the University of Boston and the University of Wisconsin in Milwaukee, member of the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences; Polish historian in exile, specialist in Polish and Russian history of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Kamil Dziewanowski (Source: Kuryer Polski Archives)

Dziewanowski defended his doctorate at Harvard University and, thanks to the encouragement of Gen. Wicenty Kowalski, director of the Piłsudski Institute in New York, started several years of work on a coherent concept of Józef Piłsudski's works on the Intermarium. To start work on collecting scattered materials on this topic, it is impossible not to mention prof. Wacław Jedrzejewicz, prof. Wiktor Sukiennicki, prof. Oskar Halecki, Jerzy Giedroycie, Józef Czapski, General Tadeusz Kasprzycki, prof. Piotr Wandyczu and many others who wanted such a compendium to be created.

Piłsudski's original plan for the Intermarium: the revived Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Source: Wikipedia)

The book, in its essence, presents Józef Piłsudski's concept of creating a federation of Eastern European states after the Soviets have been pushed out of it, and presents the consequences of the functioning of the Intermarium states as a political and military force, and strongly emphasizes the instrumental treatment of Eastern European countries by Western democracies. Polish emigration has worked on this topic a long time ago, and no wonder about the book on the lips of great Polish geopoliticians.

The Miracle on the Vistula River 1920 and the Miracle on the Dnieper River 2022

What is happening now in the Intermarium area is probably another miracle, this time a miracle on the Dnieper, because —according to the calculations of all intelligence agencies — Ukraine should have defended itself only for 3 days. If the Soviet-made NATO equipment is handed over to Ukraine, there is another chance to weaken the Russian empire. It is worth noting in the United States that, in the countries of the Intermarium, there is not only potential, but most importantly, the historical memory of the community that was created by the First Polish Republic. Ukrainians naturally look for refuge in Poland.

Revised plan of the Piłsudski Intermarium (Source: Wikipedia)

Intermarium with the Americans

This time is the perfect moment to articulate priorities: rearming the eastern flank, setting up American heavy brigades on the eastern flank, creating a real deterrent force, and creating a professional new Polish army.

Józef Beck's plan for the "Third Europe" alliance of Poland, Romania and Hungary (Source: Wikipedia)

It is the Polish diaspora, together with the Polish ambassador, that should initiate effective pressure on Joe Biden's administration and the entire American establishment. It is important to say aloud that the countries of the Intermarium have proven several times in history that they can stop Russian imperialism. The heavyweights of the Polish journalism should write to the English-language press, working on this topic.

Let us remember, however, that we are a border country and anti-aircraft and anti-missile defense is also important, which we must strive for today, now. Poland still has an extraordinary leadership role to play, showing that to survive as sovereign entities in Central or Eastern Europe, new federalist ideas are needed. The old democracies will always consider us as their colonial territories, treating us as cheap labor and as outlets for inferior goods.

Translation from Polish by Andrew Woźniewicz.

Marek Kornat

Joseph Stalin left behind a sick dream that the state he ruled be great. Stalin's state was a gigantic prison, but this sick dream of greatness still affects the imagination of Russians to this day.


'The issue of security resulting from Poland's presence in NATO is now entering a dimension in which we are becoming its essential guarantor in this part of Europe. This fact, which fundamentally affects the evolution of our position in the North Atlantic Alliance, affects our security at the same time', writes Tomasz SZATKOWSKI, Polish ambassador to NATO.

Waldemar Biniecki

Central and Eastern European countries want to strengthen NATO's eastern flank, they want a project to build a North-South infrastructure. Building strength means a strong army and a strong economy. So let's focus on these priorities.


Everything indicates that the Biden administration has a long way to go to persuade Western Europe to follow Atlantic values ​​and play together as a team to weaken China's position. Chancellor Merkel's visit to Washington did not bring any breakthroughs and, what is worse, revealed other strategic differences between Germany and the USA, especially in terms of understanding the problem of the Nord Stream gas pipeline.


We, the Presidents of the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Estonia, Ukraine, the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Lithuania, meet today in Warsaw to celebrate the 230th anniversary of the adoption of the May 3rd Constitution. The adoption in 1791 of this important act regulating the legal system of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was of historical importance, as it was the first modern basic law adopted on our continent and the second in the world.


Although most people still haven’t heard of it, the Three Seas Initiative is the most significant political and economic policy initiative to emerge in Central and Eastern Europe since the enlargement of the EU and NATO. It's an international economic and political initiative that currently brings together twelve countries of the European Union located between the Baltic, Black, and Adriatic seas.